Final Report for Application of Technology to Transportation Operations in Biohazard Situations [open html - 27KB]
"The events of September 11th, 2001 mark a distinct change in how transportation agencies plan for emergency events. Prior to 9/11, the focus of transportation agencies was on their role during weather-related incidents such as snowstorms, floods, and hurricanes. Transportation agencies that faced the threat of severe weather events could depend on sophisticated tools to determine the effects of such an incident on the management and operation of the transportation system. These tools helped inform transportation planning for evacuations and system recovery, activities for which advance warning was often available. Since 9/11, however, transportation agencies have shifted their attention to the wide range of potential terrorist strikes that could occur without notice and that would require immediate, coordinated response efforts. In particular, a biohazard emergency presents transportation challenges that are potentially even greater than those posed by a large-scale evacuation. A biohazard situation is unique in that it could simultaneously require restricting and facilitating mobility. For example, an transportation agency may need to restrict the movement of exposed populations or prevent access to a contaminated area, while it facilitates the passage of first responders and medical supplies and maintains mobility around a quarantine area. The goal of this project, Application of Technology to Transportation Operations in Biohazard Situations, was to develop a more comprehensive and actionable understanding of the role of transportation during a biohazard situation so that communities can better plan for, respond to, and recover from such a situation."
United States Department of Transportation Intelligent Transportation Systems: http://www.its.dot.gov/