Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate: S. 1703: Trafficking in Persons Accountability Act of 2007   [open pdf - 29KB]

"CBO estimates that implementing S. 1703 would have no significant cost to the federal government. Enacting the bill could affect direct spending and revenues, but CBO estimates that any such effects would not be significant. S. 1703 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments. The bill would expand the jurisdiction of federal courts in certain human trafficking cases. Human trafficking involves the recruitment and smuggling of foreign nationals into the United States or other countries to force or coerce them into labor or prostitution. Under the bill, federal courts would have extraterritorial jurisdiction over human-trafficking crimes involving an alleged offender or victim who is a national of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence. The courts also would have jurisdiction over human-trafficking cases committed abroad if the alleged offender is present in the United States, irrespective of nationality. If a foreign government prosecutes a person for human trafficking, S. 1703 would prohibit prosecution by the United States without the approval of the Attorney General or Deputy Attorney General."

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