Political Asylum Procedures for Alien Crewman: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on Political Asylum Procedures for Alien Crewman and How They Were Applied to a Soviet Seaman, Miroslav Medvid, November 5 and 7, 1985 [open pdf - 2MB]
From the opening statement of the Hon. Alan K. Simpson, a U.S. Senator from the State of Wyoming, Chairman, Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy: "We are here to discuss our Nation's political asylum procedures for alien crewmen in general and in particular how these procedures were applied to a Soviet seaman, Miroslav Medvid. Some of you have heard me say before I do not know what legislative gods have visited upon me the chairmanship of nuclear regulation, immigration and refugee policy, and formerly veterans' affairs, but it is a dazzling array of things that I get to dabble in here. One of the tough things in this area of immigration and refugee policy is that before 1980, being from a Communist country was sufficient to qualify a person as a refugee. That is not the case; under the 1980 refugee act, one must demonstrate persecution or a well founded fear of persecution based upon race, religion, nationality, origin, or membership in a particular social group or political opinion. That is what a refugee is. The fact that one is from a Communist country is not sufficient in itself to qualify one as a refugee. Today we are here to determine if there are additional facts; we need to know them and try to lay to rest the inaccurate information. If this matter was indeed handled improperly, what actions must we take here in our country to ensure that it does not occur again? I think that is the issue. I am very pleased to have the subcommittee members joining me in this effort." Materials submitted for the record include those of the following: J. Robert Grimes, Jim Hergen, Gordon J. Humphrey, Alan C. Nelson, Irene Padoch, and William M. Woessner.
S. Hrg. 99-541; Senate Hearing 99-541; Serial No. J-99-68
Library of congress Immigration Hearings: http://www.loc.gov/law/find/hearings/immigration.html