Immigration Emergency Powers: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session on Oversight Hearing to Review Presidential Emergency Powers with Respect to Immigration, September 30, 1982 [open pdf - 2MB]
From the opening statement of the Hon. Alan K. Simpson, a U.S. Senator from the State of Wyoming, Chairman, Subcommittee on Immigration and Refugee Policy: "Today, we will hear testimony on the statute proposed by the administration, entitled the Immigration Emergency Act. It is designed to permit the United States to respond to a threatened mass migration of undocumented aliens to this country. It was the inability of the U.S. Government to respond effectively in the 1980 Mariel boatlift that resulted in confusion and embarrassment to the United States. It is important that we be prepared to meet such an occurrence if it should again occur. A grant of any extraordinary powers to the Executive is always a very sensitive issue; it has been throughout the history of all countries. We must be most cautious to assure that the need exists and that the exercise of those powers is related to that need. These emergency powers provisions presented to us are intended to meet that demand and that standard." Materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Lawton Chiles, H. Eugene Douglas, Thomas Enders, Paula Hawkins, Arthur C. Helton, Wade Henderson, Harold Maier, Mark J. Miller, Alan C. Nelson, and Arnoldo S. Torres.
Serial No. J-97-147
Library of congress Immigration Hearings: http://www.loc.gov/law/find/hearings/immigration.html