Review of the Terrorist Screening Center's Efforts to Support the Secure Flight Program [open pdf - 448KB]
"The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) recommended in its July 2004 final report that the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Transportation Security Administration (TSA) assume responsibility for screening commercial airline passengers and that in doing so the TSA use the information contained within the federal government's terrorist watch lists. The 9/11 Commission further recommended that air carriers be required to provide the TSA with the passenger information necessary to conduct such screening. Shortly thereafter, Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, which directed the DHS to 'commence testing of an advanced passenger prescreening system that will allow the Department of Homeland Security to assume the performance of comparing passenger information . . . to the automatic selectee and no-fly lists, utilizing all appropriate records in the consolidated and integrated terrorist watchlist maintained by the Federal Government.' In response to this directive, in August 2004 the TSA announced an initiative known as 'Secure Flight.' The consolidated terrorist watch list (known as the Terrorist Screening Database, or the TSDB) that will be used in the Secure Flight screening process was developed by the Terrorist Screening Center (TSC). The TSC, established through Homeland Security Presidential Directive-6 on September 16, 2003, is a multi-agency effort administered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to consolidate the government's approach to terrorist screening."
Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General, Audit Report 05-34
United States Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General: http://www.usdoj.gov/