Department of Homeland Security Announces Cargo Security Initiative [November 20, 2003] [open pdf - 22KB]
"The Department of Homeland Security today released final rules which will allow U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to collect cargo information necessary to identify high-risk shipments which could threaten the safety and security of the United States. The final rules for cargo security address the timeline of presentation for electronic advance manifest information."
U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/