Federal Emergency Management Agency's Plan For Revitalizing U.S. Civil Defense: Review Of Three Major Plan Components [open pdf - 3MB]
"In 1980, the Congress amended the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950, stating that civil defense should be improved. To address this need, the Federal Emergency Management Agency in 1982 proposed a 7-year plan for revitalizing the National Civil Defense Program. The Subcommittee requested GAO to review three components of FEMA's 7-year plan, Nuclear Attack Civil Preparedness, Radiological Defense, and Direction and Control. GAO found that while FEMA has made some program improvements, civil defense generally continues to be characterized by inadequate funding and little interest at all levels of government. Also, some important civil defense systems comprising the components of FEMA's 7-year plan have numerous operational deficiencies. It is unclear whether state and local participation in nuclear attack related civil defense will be adequate to make FEMA's 7-year plan effective. This report discusses the status of the selected components of the 7-year plan, recommends actions for improvement, and presents issues for the Subcommittee's consideration."
Government Accountability Office (GAO): http://www.gao.gov/