London Bombings: Protecting Civilian Targets from Terrorist Attacks Part I and II: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Economic Security, Infrastructure Protection, and Cybersecurity of the Committee on Homeland Security, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, September 7, 2005 and October 20, 2005   [open pdf - 381KB]

From the opening statement of Daniel Lungren: "This morning, the subcommittee will focus on the protection of civilian or soft targets against terrorist attacks. A soft target can be any place or thing whose destruction or impairment will cause a loss of life, economic damage or psychological trauma, which is difficult to protect or harden because it is a location that is accessible to the public. Soft targets would include schools, buses, trains, hotels, office buildings, restaurants, night clubs, apartment buildings, churches, mosques, synagogues or any place where many people can be found in close proximity. It is true that in a free and open society such as ours, there are an infinite number of such potential targets which a terrorist could choose to attack. Compounding our difficulties, terrorists have many advantages. They have the ability to choose what, where, when and how to execute an attack. As the President has said, we have to be right 100 percent of the time, while they only have to get lucky once." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Daniel E. Lungren, Bennie G. Thompson, Norman D. Dicks, James R. Langevin, Sheila Jackson-Lee, John Linder, Bill Pascrell, Stevan Pearce, and Mark E. Souder.

Report Number:
Serial No. 109-39
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Government Printing Office, Congressional Hearings: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/index.html
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