Iraq: Reconstruction Assistance [Updated April 6, 2007]   [open pdf - 232KB]

From the Summary: "A large-scale assistance program has been undertaken by the United States in Iraq. To date, more than $35 billion has been appropriated for Iraq reconstruction. FY2007 funding for Iraq is provided under the terms of a continuing appropriations resolution (H.R. 5631/P.L. 109-289 Division B, as amended by H.J.Res. 20 on February 15, 2007). Country allocations based on that resolution have not yet been determined. On February 5, the Administration presented an FY2007 Supplemental request for Iraq reconstruction of about $6.6 billion, a regular FY2008 request of $391.8 million, and an Emergency FY2008 request of $3.5 billion. Contributions pledged by other donors at the October 2003 Madrid donor conference and in subsequent meetings have amounted to roughly $15.2 billion in grants and loans, of which about $3.8 billion had been disbursed as of August 2006. On June 28, 2004, the entity implementing assistance programs, the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA), dissolved, and sovereignty was returned to Iraq. U.N. Security Council Resolution 1546 of June 8, 2004, returned control of assets held in the Development Fund for Iraq to the government of Iraq. U.S. economic assistance is now provided through the U.S. embassy while security aid is chiefly managed by the Pentagon. Many reconstruction efforts on the ground are completed or ongoing, but security concerns have slowed progress. About 33% of reconstruction funding has been targeted at infrastructure projects -- roads, sanitation, electric power, oil production, etc. About 44% is being used to train and equip Iraqi security forces."

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CRS Report for Congress, RL31833
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