Synopsis of Crime in Schools and Colleges: A Study of National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) Data [open pdf - 214KB]
"The multitude of research examining crime in the Nation's schools has yielded conflicting conclusions concerning the actual level of violence and non-violence in these institutions, making it difficult to ascertain the effectiveness of preventative policies and their impact. According to one research study sponsored by the National Institute of Justice, "the most significant problems in schools are not necessarily issues popularly considered to be important. Although gangs and drugs may receive the most media attention, most of the conflicts discussed during the project were related to everyday school interactions." The objective of the FBI's study is to examine the characteristics of the offenders and arrestees involved in crimes at school and college locations (hereafter referred to as schools) based on the data reported to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting Program by state and local law enforcement agencies that submitted their data via the NIBRS for 2000-2004. The NIBRS data collection contains data for 22 crime categories and 56 data elements, or variables, which include the types of offenses in the incident; reported age, sex, and race of victims, offenders, and arrestees; weapons used; and other information, e.g., location. Currently, approximately 20 percent of the Nation's law enforcement agencies voluntarily report crime data to the FBI in the NIBRS datarich format. For the 5-year study period, 2000-2004, there were a total of 17,065,074 incidents reported via the NIBRS. Of these incidents, 558,219, or 3.3 percent, occurred at schools. Based on the data received for the incidents at schools, there were 589,534 offenses committed by 688,612 offenders; 181,468 persons were arrested in connection with the incidents."
Federal Bureau of Investigation: http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/schoolviolence.pdf