Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests [Updated January 25, 2007] [open pdf - 319KB]
From the Summary: "After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States recognized the independence of all the former Central Asian republics, supported their admission into Western organizations, and elicited Turkish support to counter Iranian influence in the region. Congress was at the forefront in urging the formation of coherent U.S. policies for aiding these and other Eurasian states of the former Soviet Union. […] After September 11, U.S. policy emphasized bolstering the security of the Central Asian states to help them combat terrorism, proliferation, and arms trafficking. Other strategic U.S. objectives include promoting democratization, free markets, human rights, and energy development. Administration policy also aims to integrate these states into the international community so that they follow responsible security and other policies, […] The Administration's diverse goals in Central Asia reflect the differing characteristics of these states. […] The 110th Congress is likely to continue to be at the forefront in advocating increased U.S. ties with Central Asia and in providing backing for use of the region as a staging area for supporting U.S.-led stabilization efforts in Afghanistan. […] Assistance for border and customs controls and other safeguards to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) will likely be ongoing congressional concerns. Congress will continue to contend with balancing its concerns about human rights abuses and lagging democratization against other U.S. interests in continued engagement with Central Asia to advance energy security and prosecute the Global War on Terror."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33458