Changes to the OMB Regulatory Review Process by Executive Order 13422 [February 5, 2007] [open pdf - 129KB]
"Executive Order (E.O.) 12866 on 'Regulatory Planning and Review,' issued in September 1993, describes the principles and procedures by which the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) reviews hundreds of significant proposed and final agency regulations on behalf of the President before they are published in the 'Federal Register'. On January 18, 2007, President George W. Bush issued E.O. 13422, making the most significant amendments to E.O. 12866 since it was published. The changes made by this new executive order are controversial, characterized by some as a 'power grab' by the White House that undermines public protections and lessens congressional authority, and by others as 'a paragon of common sense and good government.'…This report discusses each of these changes, noting areas that are unclear and the potential implications of the changes, and provides background information on presidential review of rules. It concludes by noting that the significance of the changes made to the review process by E.O. 13422 may become clear only through their implementation, and notes some areas of potential congressional interest."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33862