Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals [Updated January 25, 2007] [open pdf - 199KB]
"Authorities to direct federal preparedness for and response to public health emergencies are found principally in the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act). Two recent laws provided the core of these authorities: P.L. 106-505, the Public Health Threats and Emergencies Act of 2000 (Title I of the Public Health Improvement Act), and P.L. 107-188, the Public Health Security and Bio-terrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, which reauthorized several existing authorities and created new ones in the aftermath of the 2001 terror attacks. Authority for a number of preparedness and response programs in the PHS Act expires at the end of FY2006, and the 109th Congress is considering re-authorization. Expiring authorities include the position of the Assistant Secretary for Public Health Emergency Preparedness, grants to states to build public health and hospital capacity, and the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS), a national system of medical response teams. Several bills pending in the 109th Congress would address federal leadership for public health and medical preparedness and response, extend authority for certain expiring programs in the PHS Act, or both. These include S. 3678 and S. 3721, both reported in the Senate, and H.R. 5438, reported by the House Energy and Commerce Committee and pending before the House Homeland Security Committee. S. 3678 would extend a number of expiring provisions in the PHS Act. S. 3721, while focused on amending provisions in the Homeland Security Act of 2002, also contains provisions regarding authority and coordination for public health and medical response, as does H.R. 5438. In addition, P.L. 109-295, DHS appropriations for FY2077, signed on October 4, 2006, transferred NDMS from DHS to HHS, effective January 1, 2007."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33589