U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy [Updated January 24, 2007] [open pdf - 103KB]
From the Summary: "After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, the United States faced a challenge in enlisting the full support of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in counterterrorism. This effort raised short-term policy issues about how to elicit cooperation and how to address China's concerns about military action (Operation Enduring Freedom). Longer-term issues have concerned whether counterterrorism has strategically transformed bilateral relations and whether China's support has been valuable and not obtained at the expense of other U.S. interests. The extent of U.S.-China counterterrorism cooperation has been limited, but the tone and context of counterterrorism helped to stabilize - even if it did not transform - the bilateral relationship pursued by President George Bush. In September 2005, Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick acknowledged that 'China and the United States can do more together in the global fight against terrorism' after 'a good start,' in his policy speech that called on China to be a 'responsible stakeholder' in the world. […] On July 19, 2005, the House passed (by voice vote) Representative Tom Lantos' amendment to H.R. 2601, the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for FYs 2006 and 2007, to express concerns that China and other SCO countries called for a deadline for U.S. counterterrorism deployments in Central Asia. The House passed H.R. 2601 (by 351-78) on July 20, 2005, whereas the Senate did not vote on it in the 109th Congress. Efforts of the 110th Congress could involve oversight of the Bush Administration's decisions related to Uighurs in China and Guantanamo, and to civilian and military cooperation for security at the Olympics in Beijing in 2008."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33001