Chemical and Biological Defense: Management Actions are Needed to Close the Gap between Army Chemical Unit Preparedness and Stated National Priorities, Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on National Security and International Relations, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives [open pdf - 1MB]
"The 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review Report states that the Department of Defense (DOD) must be prepared to respond to and mitigate the effects of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) attacks at home or overseas. Moreover, the Secretary of Defense directed the U.S. military to define the nature and potential requests for military capabilities needed to respond to 15 National Planning Scenarios issued by the Homeland Security Council. The Army's chemical units are key players in this mission. GAO was asked to evaluate the preparedness of the Army's chemical and biological units, including the extent to which (1) units tasked with providing chemical and biological defense support to combat units and commands are adequately staffed, equipped, and trained and (2) units also tasked with a homeland defense mission-especially National Guard and Reserve units-are adequately prepared for this mission. During this review, we analyzed readiness data and other preparedness indicators for 78 Army chemical units. GAO recommends actions to address long-standing chemical unit personnel and equipment shortages; and better enable Army chemical units to perform wartime and homeland defense missions. DOD generally agreed with two recommendations and disagreed with those to address unit personnel and equipment shortages. GAO continues to believe its recommendations have merit."
Government Accountability Office (GAO): http://www.gao.gov/