From the Summary: "This CRS [Congressional Research Service] Report discusses policy issues regarding military-to-military contacts with the People's Republic of China (PRC) and provides a record of contacts since 1993. […] Issues for the 110th Congress include whether the Administration has complied with legislation overseeing dealings with the PLA and has determined a program of contacts with the PLA that advances a prioritized list of U.S. security interests. Relevant legislation includes the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for FYs 1990- 1991 (P.L. 101-246); National Defense Authorization Act for FY2000 (P.L. 106-65); and National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006 (P.L. 109-163). Admiral Fallon raised the issue of whether to relax restrictions on contacts in P.L. 106-65. Skeptics and proponents of military exchanges with the PRC have debated whether the contacts have significant value for achieving U.S. objectives and whether the contacts have contributed to the PLA's warfighting capabilities that might harm U.S. security interests. U.S. interests in mil-to-mil contacts with China might include: communication, conflict-prevention, and crisis-management (e.g., hotline); transparency; tension-reduction over Taiwan; weapons nonproliferation and strategic nuclear and space talks; counterterrorism (e.g., 2008 Olympics security); and accounting for POW/MIAs."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32496