FDA Strategic Partnership Program Agroterrorism (SPPA) Initiative: First Year Status Report, September 2005 - June 2006 [open pdf - 507KB]
"To assist in protecting the nation's food supply, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have developed a joint assessment program, the Strategic Partnership Program Agroterrorism (SPPA) Initiative. The purpose of this initiative is to conduct a series of assessments of the food and agricultural sector in collaboration with private industry and State volunteers. These assessments support the requirements for a coordinated food and agriculture infrastructure protection program as stated in the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP), Sector Specific Plans (SSP), and Homeland Security Presidential Directive 9 (HSPD-9), Defense of US Agriculture and Food. SPPA assessments are conducted on a voluntary basis between one or more industry representatives for a particular product or commodity, their trade association(s), and Federal and State Government agricultural, public health and law enforcement officials. Together, they conduct a vulnerability assessment of that industry's production process using the CARVER + Shock tool. The acronym 'CARVER' stands for the factors assessed: Criticality, Accessibility, Recuperability, Vulnerability, Effect, Recognizability, and Shock. As a result of each assessment, participants identified nodes or process points of highest concern, protective measures and mitigation steps that may reduce the vulnerability of these nodes, and research gaps/needs. Discussions of mitigation steps and best practices were general in nature, focusing on physical security improvements for food processing facilities and biosecurity practices and disease surveillance for livestock."
National Agricultural Biosecurity Center: http://nabc.ksu.edu/