Cooperative Crisis Management and Avian Influenza: A Risk Assessment Guide for International Contagious Disease Prevention and Risk Mitigation   [open pdf - 467KB]

"This paper proposes a risk assessment and mitigation strategy designed to give both national authorities and international organizations the diagnostic tool needed to evaluate preparedness, identify country-level weaknesses, and prioritize scarce resources to combat avian influenza. This tool could help authorities and agencies at all levels of government identify risk factors and actions that may be taken to reduce vulnerabilities to communicable disease outbreaks; prevent animal-to-human disease transmission; improve the response to a communicable disease outbreak; and empower government authorities to communicate with local, national, and international partners. Without adequate prevention efforts, a communicable disease outbreak can rapidly spread and develop into an epidemic. Without an adequate response plan, an epidemic is more likely to become a pandemic. The prevention and response phases of crisis management are aimed at the most important element of cooperative crisis management: preventing loss of life. Senior decision makers who must make crisis management choices in the face of limited information often need practical experience to support this process. The risk assessment and mitigation strategy becomes an essential tool to which these decision makers may turn in a crisis."

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