"The U.S. National Security Strategy for Homeland Security identifies the U.S. water infrastructure as one of the nation's critical infrastructures. Experts and several reports to Congress point out the vulnerabilities of domestic water supply and distribution systems to terrorism and the ramifications of a successful attack. Starting in the late 1990s, the federal government implemented a host of actions intended to protect domestic water supplies. Despite these efforts, critical vulnerabilities remain within the water infrastructure, especially in understanding threat vulnerabilities, in developing long-term federal funding strategies, in appropriate information-sharing, and in incorporating technologies. This paper analyzes the nation's water infrastructure, reviews relevant threat vulnerabilities, and explores needed responses by federal, state, and local governments and private industry authorities. This paper identifies open strategic issues needing immediate attention and provides recommendations for a unified, comprehensive strategy to address the security concerns within the U.S. water infrastructure."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/