"Hurricane Katrina brought to the forefront a gap in the Department of Homeland Security's ability to respond to a catastrophic disaster. The Department of Homeland Security organizations possess immense assets and sub-organizations with great strengths; however, the command and control to pull capabilities together and focus on the mission seems to be lacking. This critical role fell to the military Post Katrina, but only after failure and suffering had occurred. This paper reviews the involvement of the military in Hurricane Katrina, the legal aspects of the Posse Comitatus Act, the current status of the military within Homeland Security, and recommends changes to ultimately better prepare the military and the Department of Homeland Security. By improving the ability of both organizations to lead and support the people of the United States during future catastrophic events, the turbulent days following disasters such as Hurricane Katrina can be mitigated."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/