Export Administration Act: Evolution, Provisions, and Debate [Updated January 15, 2007] [open pdf - 173KB]
"The 110th Congress may consider legislation to renew, modify, or reauthorize the Export Administration Act (EAA). In the 109th Congress, H.R. 4572 (Hyde) was introduced and referred to the International Relations Committee. The bill would have revised the EAA, especially in the areas of penalties, enforcement, and U.S. policy towards multilateral export control regimes. […] The EAA provides the statutory authority for export controls on sensitive dual-use goods and technologies: items that have both civilian and military applications, including those items that can contribute to the proliferation of nuclear, biological, and chemical weaponry. […] At other times and currently, the export licensing system created under the authority of EAA has been continued by the invocation of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA). EAA confers upon the President the power to control exports for national security, […] In debates on export administration legislation, parties often fall into two camps: those who primarily want to liberalize controls in order to promote exports, and those who believe that further liberalization may compromise national security goals. […] The competing perspectives on export controls have clearly been manifested in the debate over foreign availability and the control of technology, the efficacy of multilateral control regimes, the licensing process and organization of the export control system, and the economic effects of U.S. export controls."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31832