China's Proliferation Practices and the North Korean Nuclear Crisis, Hearing before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, One Hundred Eighth Congress, First Session, July 24, 2003 [open pdf - 545KB]
"The Commission met in Room 138, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. at 11:00 a.m., Vice Chairman C. Richard D'Amato and Commissioner Robert F. Ellsworth (Hearing Co- Chairs), presiding. [...] Today the Commission will be addressing a subject that in my view is the highest priority in our legislative mandate, namely the Chinese role in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles to terrorist-sponsoring states. While Chinese firms continue to be involved in troubling transfers of WMD-related materials to states of concern, there is no more ominous threat to the viability of global nonproliferation mechanisms than the burgeoning nuclear crisis on the Korean peninsula. Among the nations in the region, China by far possesses the greatest amount of economic and political leverage to advance efforts to defuse this crisis. So, notwithstanding China's own record on proliferation, the unfolding events on the Korean peninsula present China with a special opportunity to bring North Korea back from the brink."
United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission: www.uscc.gov