S. Hrg. 109-71; Serial No. J-109-6: Strengthening Enforcement and Border Security: The 9/11 Commission Staff Report on Terrorism Travel: Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Immigration, Border Security and Citizenship and Subcommittee on Terrorism, technology and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, March 14, 2005 [open pdf - 4MB]
From the opening statement of John Cornyn: "Today's hearing will examine the challenges to enforcement we face at the border. It will examine the analysis and recommendations from the border security staff report of the 9/11 Commission, entitled ''9/11 and Terrorist Travel.'' The 9/11 Commission and their staff performed a tremendous public service by providing a comprehensive review of the facts and circumstances surrounding the attacks of September the 11th. I hope that those of us in Congress will never tire of reviewing the lessons learned from the failures that led to that terrible day. As that report makes clear, defects in our ability to enforce our laws and to secure the border pose a threat not only to the rule of law, but to the security of our Nation as well. Specifically, the border security staff identified several deficiencies in the training of border personnel and several defects with regard to our visa policy. The report noted that our immigration inspectors, now called CBP officers, received little counterterrorism and behavioral science training, no cultural training, and rarely received follow-up training. They also wrote that ''critical continuing education on document fraud was rare.'' The report also recognized that our visa process allowed terrorists to exploit our system and gained extended stays within our country. Recognizing this defect, terrorists concentrated on ways to exploit legal entry into our country, whether by lying on entry forms or using manipulated or fraudulent documents. All but two of the non-pilots involved in the 9/11 attacks were admitted as tourists and were granted automatic six-month stays. This allowed them to maintain a legal immigration status through the end of the 9/11 attacks. We should examine the process by which length of stay is determined to ensure that inspectors grant an appropriate time period to those seeking to enter our country." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: John Cornyn, Dianne Feinstein, Edward M. Kennedy, Jon Kyl, Patrick J. Leahy, Elaine Dezenski, Janice L. Kephart, Doris Meissner, Thomas J. Walters, and Susan Benesch.
S. Hrg. 109-71; Senate Hearing 109-71; Serial No. J-109-6
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