Financial War on Terrorism: Grading U.S. Strategy for Combating the Financing of Terrorism   [open pdf - 336KB]

"Following the September 11, 2001, attacks, President Bush quickly decided that the United States' response to that strike must entail all instruments of national power. He was focused on the financial element of fighting the terrorists, targeting their monetary means of waging their terror campaign. On September 23, 2001, he signed Executive Order 13224, Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten To Commit, or Support Terrorists, initiating the Global War on Terrorism using financial instruments of power some three days before the first CIA operatives set foot in Afghanistan. Initial post-9/11 efforts centered on traditional regulatory money laundering strategy, primarily freezing or seizing terrorist funds. In July 2004, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States recommended expanding counter-finance focus to include exploiting intelligence gathered in financial investigations. While pre-9/11 and initial post-9/11 interagency efforts did not include Defense agencies in a significant way, DoD's lead role in the GWOT and ongoing Iraq counter-insurgency and reconstruction missions have sharpened the military's focus on this asymmetric target set. After reviewing traditional U.S. activities to combat terrorist financing, this thesis proposes how DoD can use threat finance exploitation to meaningfully support the overall effectiveness of U.S. strategy to disrupt terror financing and combat global terrorism."

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Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/
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