International Food Aid: U.S. and Other Donor Contributions [February 11, 2011]   [open pdf - 182KB]

"The United States is the world's major provider of international food aid to low-income developing countries. This report provides three indicators of the U.S. contribution to global food aid: (1) shipments of major donors compiled by the International Grains Council (IGC), (2) U.S. contributions to the United Nations World Food Program (WFP), and (3) the U.S. commitment under the 1999 Food Aid Convention (FAC). Data from the International Grains Council show that U.S. food aid accounted for 58% of food aid shipments by major donors during 1995/96-2008/09. A substantial portion of U.S. food aid is channeled through the WFP. During 1996-2010, around 48% of donor contributions to the WFP came from the United States. The Food Aid Convention (FAC), now expired, was an agreement among donor countries to provide a minimum amount of food aid to low-income developing countries. The food aid commitment agreed to by all FAC signatories in 1999 was approximately 4.9 million metric tons (mmt). The United States pledged to provide 2.5 mmt or 51% of the total commitment. Although the Food Aid Convention has expired, member countries of the IGC's Food Aid Committee have continued to meet regularly to review food aid needs and food aid shipments. At its December 2010 meeting, Food Aid Committee member countries agreed to begin a formal process of renegotiating the convention."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RS21279
Public Domain
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