"Kenya, a nation of about 33.8 million people, has been an important ally of the United States for decades. In a region long marred by civil wars and humanitarian crisis, Kenya has been an important actor in mediation efforts. Over the past decade, Kenya has moved from a one-party state to a multi-party democracy. In December 1992, Kenyans voted in record numbers in the country's first multi-party election in almost 26 years. President Daniel arap Moi defeated opposition candidates by a small margin. In December 1997, Kenya held its second multi-party elections, at the height of tensions between the opposition and the ruling party. President Moi was re-elected with 40% of the votes cast, while his nearest rival, Mwai Kibaki, won 31%. In the 2002 presidential and parliamentary elections, the opposition National Rainbow Coalition (NARC) defeated the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU). In the presidential election, NARC leader Kibaki defeated Uhuru Kenyatta, the leader of KANU. As the 2007 elections draw closer, presidential candidates are emerging and embarking upon already fierce campaigns. A number of major political figures are expected to challenge President Kibaki. These include Raila Odinga, Uhuru Kenyatta, Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka, William Ruto, and Musalia Mudavadi."
CRS Report for Congress, RS22524