Department of Homeland Security Reorganization: The 2SR Initiative [Updated September 22, 2006] [open pdf - 173KB]
"Section 872 of the Homeland Security Act authorizes the Secretary of Homeland Security to reorganize functions and organizational units within DHS, subject to specified limits. In late January 2003, as components of DHS were being transferred to the department's operational control, President George W. Bush modified his original reorganization plan for DHS to reconfigure the functions of certain border security agencies into two new components - the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection and the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement - within the department's Border and Transportation Security Directorate. On March 2, 2005, Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge's successor, Michael Chertoff, announced in testimony before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Homeland Security that he was 'initiating a comprehensive review of the Department's organization, operations, and policies.' This effort, he said, would begin 'within days.' The results of that undertaking, which came to be known as the Second Stage Review or 2SR, were made public in mid-July. As Secretary Chertoff explained, 2SR involved the evaluation of a variety of operational and policy issues, and among those was 'the DHS organizational structure, to make sure that our organization is best aligned to support our mission.' However, no report on the 2SR process and reforms was issued. This report focuses primarily on the conclusions and proposals resulting from 2SR pertaining to organization and managerial lines of authority matters (H.R. 4009; S. 1866)."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33042