Serial No. 107-43: U.S. Energy Security: Options to Decrease Petroleum Use in the Transportation Sector: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy, Committee on Science, United States, House of Representatives, One Hundred and Seventh Congress, First Session, November 1, 2001   [open pdf - 425KB]

From the opening statement of Roscoe Bartlett: "Today, this country imports 56 percent of its petroleum. The lion's share of that goes into transportation fuels. Around 20 percent of this petroleum comes from the Persian Gulf. The Gulf has seen more than its share of conflict over the last 30 years. Ten years ago we fought a war to keep an unfriendly government from gaining hegemony in the area. Twenty years ago, two major oil-producing countries in the Persian Gulf were at war with each other. Somehow we have managed to keep the oil flowing through the Straits of Hormuz, but we should not count on our luck holding forever. We also have a long-term problem - world oil production rates are expected to peak later this decade, while demand continues to rise. Today, I will ask our witnesses to soberly assess our energy vulnerabilities, particularly as they relate to the transportation sector. I do not wish to dwell on disaster scenarios. We have had enough of those lately. Rather, I hope to focus on possible solutions to our energy security problems, so that we will not have disasters in the future." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Roscoe Bartlett, Sherwood Boehlert, Lynn Woolsey, R. James Woolsey, David K. Garman, Gregory J. Dana, Robert H. Burnette, David D. Doniger, and James K. MacKenzie.

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