International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program, Report to Congress, February 2006 [open pdf - 397KB]
"Over the years, hundreds of U.S. nationals, officers, and employees of the U.S. Government have been killed or injured in acts of international terrorism occurring outside the United States. These incidents of terrorism continue worldwide. Recognizing that providing assistance and support to these victims presents a number of challenges and obstacles, the United States Congress amended the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (VOCA) [42 U.S.C. § 10601] (Public Law 98-473) by authorizing an International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP) so that victims of acts of international terrorism that occur outside the United States may receive reimbursement for 'expenses associated with that victimization.' Victims of acts of international terrorism that occur outside the United States face unique obstacles in securing assistance, expense reimbursement, and support, which are more readily available to victims of violent crime and domestic or international terrorism occurring within U.S. borders. Victims and family members often face immediate needs, such as covering expenses for medical treatment, funeral and burial services, short-term lodging, and emergency transportation. Language and cultural barriers can impair a victim's ability to secure appropriate support. Moreover, resources for victim assistance vary widely from one country to the next. Many of the countries that have established victim compensation programs compensate only their own citizens, leaving U.S. citizens without financial assistance."