IRCA Legalization Effects: Lawful Permanent Residence and Naturalization through 2001 [open pdf - 492KB]
"Two groups of immigrants were eligible for legalization under the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986. Aliens who had been unlawfully residing in the United States since before January 1, 1982 (pre-1982 immigrants) were legalized under Section 245A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Aliens employed in seasonal agricultural work for a minimum of 90 days in the year prior to May, 1986 (SAWs) were legalized under Section 210A of the INA. This paper presents summary statistics on the transitions in legal status of the IRCA population through 2001. The primary focus is on naturalization since a considerable amount of information already exists about IRCA immigrants through the time they became lawful permanent residents (LPRs). Surveys conducted for the two reports mandated by IRCA contain a wealth of information on the social and economic characteristics of the pre-1982 IRCA population. The first survey, Legalized Population Survey (LPS) by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) under the direction of John A. Bjerke examined pre-1982 IRCA immigrants at the time they applied for legalization (see U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1992). The second survey, Legalized Population Follow-up Survey (LPS2), by the Bureau of International Labor Affairs in the U.S. Department of Labor under the direction of Shirley J. Smith with Roger G. Kramer and Audrey Singer examined the group five years later (see Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 1996)."
Office of Immigration Statistics: http://www.uscis.gov/