Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act (S. 3678): Provisions and Comparison with Current Law and Related Proposals [Updated August 4, 2006] [open pdf - 171KB]
"Authorities to direct federal preparedness for and response to public health emergencies are found principally in the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act). Two recent laws provided the core of these authorities: P.L. 106-505, the Public Health Threats and Emergencies Act of 2000 (Title I of the Public Health Improvement Act), and P.L. 107-188, the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, which reauthorized several existing authorities and created new ones in the aftermath of the 2001 terror attacks. The laws above built upon existing broad authorities allowing or requiring the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to prepare for or respond to outbreaks of infectious disease and other unanticipated health threats. Other laws - such as those creating a new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and a program (Project BioShield) to encourage the development of specific countermeasures that would not otherwise have a commercial market - have added to the federal government's slate of preparedness and response authorities as well. Further, the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act, administered by DHS), which authorizes federal assistance and other activities in response to presidentially declared emergencies and major disasters, is also, to some extent, a source of federal authority for the response to public health threats."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33589