"In late June, the House International Relations Committee (H.R. 5682) and Senate Foreign Relations Committee (S. 3709; S. Report 109-288) reported their versions of legislation to create an exception for India from relevant provisions of the Atomic Energy Act. Both bills provide the requisite waivers, with minor modifications, retain the requirement for a joint resolution of Congress for such an agreement to enter into force and contain some restrictions. S. 3709 would prohibit cooperation in sensitive nuclear technologies, with a narrow exception and require end-use monitoring of U.S. exports. Both bills contain significant reporting requirements. The House will consider H.R. 5682 on July 26, 2006. Negotiations on the cooperation agreement with India have begun, with the next round scheduled for mid-July in New Delhi. Although U.S. officials offered draft decision language to Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) members in March on a broad exception for India, members discussed the issue but did not agree to take up a decision at the May 2006 plenary."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33016