FBI Fringerprint Identification Automation Program: Issues and Options--Background Paper [open pdf - 1MB]
"Automated fingerprint identification and criminal history records are vital for effective law enforcement and criminal justice. These records also are increasingly used for a range of noncriminal justice purposes, such as background checks of applicants for employment, licenses, or security clearances. Fingerprint checks are essential to ensure positive identification, detect or deter persons using aliases or phony identification documents, and protect the civil liberties of arrestees, applicants, or employees. Manual fingerprint and record systems are incapable of meeting today's needs for timely and accurate information. Many States and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) have made significant progress over the last decade in automating these systems. But the extent of automation and quality of records varies widely, and significant gaps in automation and record quality exist. Criminal justice activities are being hindered as a result. Proposed new national criminal record checks will be difficult or impossible to implement until further improvements are in place."
OTA-BP-TCT-84; NTIS order #PB92-157593
Biometrics Catalogue: http://www.biometricscatalogue.org