"Large-scale assistance programs are being undertaken by the United States following the war with Iraq. To fund such programs, in April 2003, Congress approved a $2.48 billion Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) in the FY2003 Supplemental Appropriation. In November 2003, the FY2004 Supplemental Appropriation provided an additional $18.4 billion for the IRRF. The FY2005 Emergency Supplemental, signed into law in May 2005, provides $5.7 billion in a new Iraqi Security Forces Fund (ISFF) for the training and equipping of Iraqi security forces. The FY2006 Emergency Supplemental, approved by Congress in mid-June 2006, provides $3 billion for the ISFF and $1.6 billion for stabilization assistance. In February 2006, the Administration requested nearly $479 million for ESF reconstruction-related programs in its FY2007 foreign operations budget, and a further $292 million for other programs. On June 9, the House approved $305.8 million in ESF. Contributions pledged by other donors at the October 2003 Madrid donor conference and in subsequent meetings have amounted to roughly $14.6 billion in grants and loans, of which about $3.5 billion has been disbursed."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31833