"Quality health care is a high priority for the Bush administration, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). In November 2001, HHS announced the Quality Initiative to assure quality health care for all Americans through accountability and public disclosure. The Initiative is intended to (a) empower consumers with quality of care information to make more informed decisions about their health care, and (b) encourage providers and clinicians to improve the quality of health care. The Quality Initiative was launched nationally in November 2002 for nursing homes, and was expanded in 2003 to the nation's home health care agencies and hospitals. In 2004, the Quality Initiative was further expanded to officially include kidney dialysis facilities that provide services for patients with ESRD. This comprehensive approach to improving healthcare quality also includes the Doctor's Office Quality-Information Technology (DOQ-IT) project."
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services: http://www.cms.hhs.gov/