"During President Bush's March visit to India- the first such trip by a U.S. President in six years- he and Prime Minister Singh issued a statement expressing mutual satisfaction with 'great progress' made in advancing the U.S.-India 'strategic partnership.' The statement, which reviewed bilateral efforts to expand ties in a number of key areas, notably announced 'successful completion of India's [nuclear facility] separation plan,' a reference to ongoing and complex negotiations related to President Bush's July 2005 vow to achieve 'full civilian nuclear energy cooperation with India.' The separation plan requires India to move 14 of its 22 reactors into permanent international oversight by the year 2014 and place all future civilian reactors under permanent safeguards. Shortly after, H.R. 4974 and S. 2429, to waive the application of certain requirements under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 with respect to India, were, at the President's request, introduced in the House and Senate. Pending legislation also includes H.Con.Res. 318, which expresses concern regarding nuclear proliferation with respect to proposed full civilian nuclear cooperation with India."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB93097