Energy Implications of Proposed U.S.-India Nuclear Cooperation Agreement [March 22, 2006] [open pdf - 137KB]
"As you requested March 16, this memo provides a brief overview of the major energy security and environmental implications of the proposed U.S.-India nuclear cooperation agreement...President Bush announced plans for U.S. nuclear cooperation with India on July 18, 2005, as one part of a new global partnership with India, which is intended to improve overall U.S.-India relations. The President said he would 'work to achieve full civil nuclear energy cooperation with India' and would 'also seek agreement from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies.' The nuclear cooperation agreement cannot be implemented without congressional action. Because India is not a signatory to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and has used its nuclear power program to develop nuclear weapons, the United States and other nuclear supplier nations have restricted India's access to foreign nuclear technology and materials since the early 1970s. As a result, India's nuclear power program has relied on indigenous heavy water reactor designs based on small imported reactors that were supplied before the international cutoff. India had set a goal of 10,000 megawatts of nuclear generating capacity by 2000, but by 2005 only 2,550 megawatts of nuclear capacity was on line."
CRS Memorandum, March 22, 2006