Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress [Updated January 6, 2006] [open pdf - 68KB]
From the Summary: "Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles are seen by proponents as integral to improving urban air quality, decreasing dependence on foreign oil, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. However, major barriers- especially economics- currently prevent the widespread use of these fuels and technologies. Because of these barriers, and the potential benefits, there is continued congressional interest in providing incentives and other support for their development and commercialization. In the 109th Congress, alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles have received a good deal of attention, especially in the debate over omnibus energy legislation. High fuel prices, especially in response to hurricanes along the gulf coast, have focused that attention. Major topics of congressional interest include tax incentives for alternative fuel production; the future of ethanol and the fuel additive MTBE [Methyl tert-butyl ether], including the establishment of a renewable fuels standard (RFS); and research and development of hydrogen fuel and fuel cells. Other topics include government vehicle purchase requirements; tax credits for vehicle purchases; promotion of biodiesel fuel; and incentives for hybrid electric vehicles."
CRS Issue Brief for Congress, IB10128
United states Department of State: http://fpc.state.gov/