National Security Decision Memorandum 35: United States Policy on Chemical Warfare Program and Bacteriological/Biological Research Program [open pdf - 83KB]
Alternate Title: NSDM 35: United States Policy on Chemical Warfare Program and Bacteriological/Biological Research Program
"This NSC document states the decisions of President Nixon, based on the studies undertaken in response to NSSM 59, regarding the U.S. chemical and biological warfare programs. First, Nixon decided that henceforth, there would be two distinct programs, chemical and biological, rather than one combined program, given the important differences between the two. Regarding biological weapons, Nixon agreed that the U.S. would renounce the use of lethal as well as all other types of biological warfare. Future U.S. biological programs would be limited to R&D for defensive purposes, though this did not foreclose work on offensive uses necessary to develop defensive measures. The Secretary of Defense was instructed to make recommendations for disposal of existing U.S. stocks of biological weapons. An annual review would be conducted of U.S. biological research programs, and the Secretary of Defense would work with the Director of the Office of Science and Technology to develop controls and safety measures for all such programs.[...] Finally, the U.S. would support the principles and goals of the Draft Convention Prohibiting the Use of Biological Methods of Warfare presented by the U.K. at the Geneva Disarmament Conference."
National Security Decision Memorandum 35; NSMD 35
National Security Archive, George Washington University: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/