Alternate Title: EO 12985: Establishing the Armed Forces Service Medal
"By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including my authority as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows: There is hereby established the Armed Forces Service Medal with accompanying ribbons and appurtenances, for award to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, on or after June 1, 1992, in the opinion of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: (a) Participate, or have participated, as members of United States military units in a United States military operation in which personnel of any Armed Force participate that is deemed to be significant activity; and (b) Encounter no foreign armed opposition or imminent hostile action."
Executive Order 12985; EO 12985
Federal Register: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/
Federal Register (January 18, 1996), v.61 no.12, p.1209