Intelligence Reform at the Department of Energy: Policy Issues and Organizational Alternatives [April 10, 2006] [open pdf - 60KB]
"Concerned by reported security and counterintelligence (CI) lapses at the Department of Energy (DOE), Congress in 1999 established a semi-autonomous agency - the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) - to oversee DOE's national security-related programs. Within NNSA, Congress established the Office of Defense Nuclear Counterintelligence to implement NNSA's counterintelligence program. Although DOE's existing Office of Counterintelligence develops CI policy for both agencies, it implements policy only at non-NNSA facilities. Some studies have questioned the effectiveness of a dual office structure in combating foreign espionage and have urged the adoption of an alternative structure. Several alternative organizational approaches have been discussed, including the following. One approach, reportedly approved but not yet initiated, would merge under the control of a new DOE intelligence agency DOE's Office of Intelligence, which assesses foreign nuclear weapons programs, and DOE's CI office. As part of an anticipated second phase, NNSA's CI office would be consolidated under the DOE's intelligence agency. Proponents assert that such a consolidation would improve command, control, and communication. Opponents argue that consolidation would dilute the counterintelligence attention DOE's weapons labs now receive."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33355
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/main/home.jsp