"Approximately 7.6 million individuals receive care in their home from 17,000 home care providers because of acute illness, long-term care conditions, permanent disability, or terminal illness. Technological advances have expanded the capabilities of home care providers so that many chronic conditions that previously would have been cared for in the hospital are now being safely managed in the home. Intravenous (IV) infusion technology, parenteral nutrition, peritoneal dialysis, oxygen therapy, feeding pumps, ventilators, pulse oximeters, and hand-held blood analysis devices are just a few examples of the common devices that have allowed the expansion of home care. […] The objective of this study is not to design a home care triage tool for use in the midst of an MCE [Mass Casualty Event]. Rather, the purpose is to develop a patient risk assessment tool that will allow home care agencies, hospitals, and emergency planners to anticipate the needs of all home care patients in a community, should an MCE occur."
AHRQ Publication No. 11-M020-EF
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: http://www.ahrq.gov/