Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force [Updated January 3, 2006] [open pdf - 173KB]
"The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs (S&E) and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate S&E programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. NSF data reveal that in 2001, the foreign student population earned approximately 30.6% of the doctorate degrees in the sciences and approximately 55.8% of the doctorate degrees in engineering. In 2001, foreign students on temporary resident visas earned 25.8% of the doctorates in the sciences, and 50.4% of the doctorates in engineering. The participation rates in 2000 were 25.2% and 46%, respectively. In 2001, permanent resident status students earned 4.8% of the doctorates in the sciences and 5.4% of the doctorates in engineering, a decrease from the 2000 levels of 5.1% and 6.6%, respectively. Trend data for science and engineering degrees for the years 1992-2001 reveal that of the non-U.S. citizen population, temporary resident status students consistently have earned the majority of the doctorate degrees."
CRS Report for Congress, 97-746
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