Border and Transportation Security: Appropriations for FY2005 [Updated November 5, 2004] [open pdf - 177KB]
"A well-managed border is central to maintaining and improving the security of the homeland against terrorist threats. Border security entails regulating the flow of goods and people across the nations borders so that dangerous and unwanted goods or people are denied entry. Transportation security entails inspecting and securing people and goods as they move among different locations within the country to reduce the possibility of terrorist attacks or the incursion of unwanted people or goods. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has been given primary responsibility for securing the nations borders and for increasing the security of transportation, among other responsibilities."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32566