South Dakota Department of Public Health: Pandemic Influenza Plan   [open pdf - 883KB]

"Influenza viruses are unique in their ability to cause sudden, pervasive infection in all age groups on a global scale. Although influenza is a yearly seasonal illness, three influenza pandemics have occurred in the 20th century. One of which -- the infamous 'Spanish flu [H1N1]' of 1918 -- was responsible for more than twenty million deaths worldwide and greater than 550,000 deaths in the U.S. The more recent pandemics of 1957 (A/Asia [H2N2]) and 1968 (A/Hong Kong [H3N2]) had lower rates of morbidity and social disruption. Influenza is a viral infection of the nose, throat, bronchial tubes and lungs. Typical flu symptoms include headache, fever, chills, cough, and body aches which occur within one to three days after exposure to an infected person. Although most people are ill for only a few days, some people have a much more serious illness, such as pneumonia, and may need to be hospitalized. In the United States, approximately 36,000 people die and 200,000 are hospitalized each year from the flu or related complications. Influenza is highly contagious and is easily transmitted through contact with droplets from the nose and throat of an infected person who is coughing, talking or sneezing. […] Response to pandemic influenza will use the same infrastructure as seasonal influenza, other public health emergencies and response to bioterrorism events. This plan is designed as an annex to the South Dakota All-Hazards Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) (see Appendix 2 for responsibility matrix from EOP) and links into the Strategic National Stockpile Plan. The overall guidance used was the Health and Human Services (HHS) Pandemic Influenza Plan."

South Dakota Dept. of Health
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