"Responding to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, and the discovery of anthrax in Washington, DC, and other cities, the Administration and Members of Congress proposed legislation to establish a Department of Homeland Security. President George W. Bush's proposal was submitted to Congress on June 18, 2002 by Homeland Security Director Tom Ridge. It was subsequently introduced as H.R. 5005 by Representative Dick Armey on June 24, 2002. The bill was referred to various House committees having jurisdiction over its provisions, and those committees marked up the legislation during the week of July 8, 2002. The House Select Committee on Homeland Security marked up the bill on July 19, 2002, and reported it on July 24, 2002. The House passed H.R. 5005 on a 295-132 vote on July 26, 2002. In the Senate, on May 2, 2002, Senator Joseph Lieberman introduced S. 2452 to create a Department of National Homeland Security. During business meetings of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs on July 24 and 25, 2002, the committee agreed to a Lieberman amendment in the nature of a substitute to S. 2452. On September 3, 2002, the Senate debated the motion to proceed to debate on the homeland security bill and on a 94-0 vote agreed to begin debate the next day. On September 4, 2002, Senator Lieberman offered the amendment agreed to by the Governmental Affairs Committee as a substitute for H.R. 5005."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31500
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