Department of Homeland Security: State and Local Preparedness Issues [Updated December 11, 2002] [open pdf - 76KB]
"The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) makes the new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) responsible for providing assistance to state and local governments to ensure adequate preparedness for all disasters, including terrorist attacks. Several federal entities with functions relating to state and local preparedness, ranging from entire independent agencies to units of agencies and departments, will be transferred to the new department. Those transferred to the Emergency Preparedness and Response directorate (EPR) include: 1) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), in its entirety; 2) National Domestic Preparedness Office and Domestic Emergency Support Teams, (FBI, within the Department of Justice); 3) Office of Emergency Preparedness (HHS), including the National Disaster Medical System and Metropolitan Medical Response System; and, 4) National Strategic Stockpile (HHS). The Justice Departments Office for Domestic Preparedness (ODP) will be transferred to the Border and Transportation Security directorate. ODP provides training, equipment grants, and technical assistance to states and localities. Its assistance activities focus exclusively on preparedness for terrorist attacks - particularly those involving weapons of mass destruction."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31490
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