"In its FY2003 budget request, the Administration proposed a new grant program, called the 'First Responder Initiative,' to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks. The Federal Emergency Management Agency would administer the program, which, if approved, would provide $3.5 billion to states and localities. The Administrations primary goal for the program is to improve the ability of first responders (police, firefighters, and emergency medical personnel) to respond to terrorist attacks involving weapons of mass destruction. The proposed program would fund a broad range of activities in the areas of planning, training, exercises, and equipment. On October 1, 2002, the Senate Environment and Public Works Committed approved S. 2664, the First Responder Terrorism Preparedness Act of 2002. The bill contains several features proposed by the Administration, including a 25% matching requirement, a wide range of eligible activities, and a requirement that states distribute 75% of funds to sub-state regions. S. 2664 also contains some provisions not specified in the Administration proposal, such as establishing standards for training and equipment and prohibiting the use of funds for overtime expenses."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31475
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