Verifying Nonproliferation Treaties: Obligation, Process, and Sovereignty   [open pdf - 5MB]

"This book examines two of the most critical issues of national security policy: stemming the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and verifying international nonproliferation agreements. Contrary to predictions made in the 1970% there are relatively few countries today that either possess or are pursuing nuclear weapons, although there are some pursuing chemical and biological weapons. This general success is a result of several most unusual international treaties-in the cases of chemical and biological weapons, treaties banning such weapons outright, and in the case of nuclear weapons, a treaty limiting the authorized possession of such weapons. If the integrity and effectiveness of these treaties are to be sustained, the question to be addressed is how each party maintains confidence that other parties are abiding by the obligations each has undertaken. It is the character of this verification that has been the subject of considerable debate, with certain critics arguing that real verification is unachievable. Whatever the prospect for successful verification, there is widespread agreement that modern treaties for the purpose of enhancing national security must be verifiable in some fashion; no government should take the good behavior of its adversary as an article of faith."

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