National Security Directive 53: Interagency Review and Disposition of Export Control Licenses Issued by the Department of Commerce [open pdf - 1MB]
Alternate Title: NSD 53: Interagency Review and Disposition of Export Control Licenses Issued by the Department of Commerce
In National Security Directive (NSD) 53, President H.W. Bush directs that "American exporters are entitles to prompt review of export license applications submitted to the United States Government. It is United States policy that there is a presumption of approval of such applications based on our commitment to an open international trading system and the need to ensure American competitiveness. Therefore, any U.S. agency that opposes an export license on national security grounds shall bear the burden to overcome this presumption of approval. At the same time, I want to emphasize that none of the changes set fourth in this directive are intended in any way to signal a lessening of our determination to weigh cautiously license applications raising potential nonproliferation or broader national security concerns."
NSD 53; National Security Directive 53
George Bush Presidential Library: http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu/